Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents
, or PIPEDA, sets out ground rules for the management
of personal information in the private sector.
The legislation balances an individual’s right to the privacy
of personal information with the need of organizations to
collect, use or disclose personal information for legitimate
PIPEDA applies across Canada to organizations that collect,
use, or disclose personal information in the course of
commercial activities, unless provincial privacy legislation
deemed substantially similar to PIPEDA applies. Quebec,
Alberta and British Columbia each have substantially similar
legislation covering the private sector. In addition, Ontario,
New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador have
substantially similar legislation covering certain organizations
in the health sector.
In all provinces, PIPEDA applies in respect of federally
regulated activities in the private sector. PIPEDA also
protects employee information, but only in the federally
regulated private sector.