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30 Victoria Street – 1st Floor, Gatineau, QC K1A 1H3 • Toll-free: 1-800-282-1376 • Fax: (819) 994-5424 • TDD (819) 994-6591

www.priv.gc.ca

• Follow us on Twitter: @privacyprivee

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A first goal for the OPC will be to enhance the privacy protection and trust of individuals so that they may

confidently participate in an innovative digital economy

. To achieve this, the OPC will strive through our

investigative and research work to unpack, understand and make more transparent these new business

models; through our technology lab, and working with technology associations, manufacturers and security

experts, we will contribute to the development of creative and innovative privacy-enhancing solutions;

through our guidance and outreach efforts, particularly aimed at SMEs, we will encourage organizations to

explain the privacy implications of their new products and services in a language that individuals could more

readily understand; through our internal research work and our Contribution Program, we will stay ahead of

emerging technologies such as the Internet of Things and digital payment systems; through our compliance

functions, we will complement our existing investigative powers under PIPEDA with alternative enforcement

possibilities such as industry codes of practice and new compliance agreements made possible through Bill S-4.

Our policy work will help to build normative frameworks around new business models and will seek to identify

enhancements to the consent model so that concerns raised both by individuals and organizations are

addressed. In the short term, we will produce a discussion paper outlining challenges with the current model,

suggesting potential solutions (including self-regulation, greater accountability and enhanced regulation), and

seeking to clarify the roles of individuals, organizations, regulators and legislators. We will then engage

stakeholders. In the medium term, we will identify improvements, apply those within our jurisdiction and be

prepared to recommend legislative changes as appropriate.

Government surveillance

There is no doubt we live in a different world than we did fifteen years ago. The Commissioner’s own

professional background as a senior justice lawyer working in Public Safety and National Security portfolios has

sensitized him to the real risks we face with escalating and distributed threats of terrorism. No one would

contest the need to protect the safety of our citizens. Canadians want to be and feel secure, but not at any

and all costs to their privacy—particularly when it comes to their own privacy. What they want is a balanced,

well-measured and proportionate approach. It has become far too naive to

believe that only “bad people’s” privacy is at stake or “if we have nothing to

hide, we have nothing to fear”. For we now know that in order to identify

people who pose risk of terrorism, all Canadians are potentially under

scrutiny. Sometimes, tragic mistakes are made and subtle—or not so

subtle—forms of racial discrimination result. As public reaction to Bill C-51

has recently shown us, we are all now caught in this web and our interests,

activities, and sanctity of our innermost thoughts are at stake.

A second goal for the OPC will be to contribute to the adoption and implementation of laws and other

measures that demonstrably protect both national security and privacy.

In the short term, through timely

and useful advice on Privacy Impact Assessments, Information-Sharing Agreements and regulations, we will

seek to reduce the privacy risks associated with the recently adopted

Anti-terrorism Act, 2015

. As regards the

lawful access provisions of Bill C-13, we will work with others and provide guidance to both public and private

sectors to establish standards for transparency and accountability reports related to the communication of

personal information by companies to law enforcement agencies. In the short and medium terms, we will

examine and report on how national security legislation such as Bill C-51 is implemented. We will use our

review and investigative powers to examine the collection, use and sharing practices of departments and

agencies involved in surveillance activities to ensure that they conform with the

Privacy Act

. We will report our

findings to Parliamentarians and the public, and issue recommendations for potential improvements to

policies or legislation, as warranted.