Special Report to Parliament - page 11

7
Congress also operates and directs the
independent Government Accountability
Office.
The White House has appointed a Privacy
and Civil Liberties Oversight Board to
advise the President and report to
Congress on counter-terrorism, privacy and
civil liberties.
In the US, annual reports are also provided
to Congress on the use of wiretap
surveillance, pen registers, and trap and
trace devices.
CANADA
In Canada, Parliament passed the
Canadian Security Intelligence Service
(CSIS)
Act
in the early 1980s.
11
Under that
law, threat definitions and investigatory
limits are clearly established
.
12
The Act also established SIRC to protect
Canadians’ rights and freedoms and
ensure that CSIS operates legally and
appropriately at all times.
13
SIRC also reports intermittently on the
number of warrants issued or renewed.
By law, detailed reports are tabled annually
to Parliament for review on the use of
electronic surveillance by federal law
enforcement (as a statutory requirement
under section 195 of the
Criminal Code
).
11
House of Commons Special Committee on the Review
of the
CSIS Act
and the
Security Offences Act
, “In flux
but not in crisis: a report of the House of Commons
Special Committee on the Review of the
Canadian
Security Intelligence Service Act
and the Security
Offences”, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, 1990,
pp. 83-184.
12
Hardy, Timothy S., “Intelligence Reform in the mid-
1970s” from CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence
Archive, vol. 20, no. 2 – URL:
,
pp. 10-13.
13
Security Intelligence Review Committee, “About
SIRC” (October 2012) – URL
:
Annual reporting is also required with
particulars on other extraordinary powers
like preventative arrest and investigative
hearings
.
14
The OCSEC has provided annual reports to
the Minister of National Defence every year
since 1997, which have been tabled in
Parliament. The CSE Commissioner’s role
is to ensure CSEC complies with the law
and takes measures to protect the privacy
of Canadians.
Since 1988, the Commission for Public
Complaints against the RCMP (CPC) has
fulfilled a similar role in review.
15
14
Public Safety Canada,
Annual Report on the Use of
Electronic Surveillance
– 2012 – URL:
Public Safety Canada,
Annual Report
Concerning Recognizance with Conditions: Arrests
without Warrant
– URL:
;
Justice Canada,
Backgrounder: The
Combating Terrorism Act – Investigative Hearings and
Recognizance with Conditions Provisions
(April 2010) –
URL:
15
Recent changes to the
RCMP Act
mean the CPC will
soon take on an expanded role in review and be able to
carry out broader systemic investigations which may
examine national security work in more detail.
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