Investigations into businesses
The Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) conducts independent and impartial investigations into the personal information handling practices of businesses subject to the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA).
The OPC publishes a selection of case summaries and findings from its investigations to provide concrete examples of how PIPEDA applies to the day-to-day management of personal information by businesses.
For each case, the Office indicates the outcome using a set of defined terms for findings and dispositions.
For more information about the complaint and investigation process, read How the OPC Enforces PIPEDA.
Note: Complainants are not named in the summaries or reports. The organizations are not identified unless the Privacy Commissioner of Canada has deemed it to be in the public interest to do so.
PIPEDA Case Summary: Bank acted in accordance with section 7(3)©
PIPEDA Case Summary: Individual questions use of personal information by credit bureaus
PIPEDA Case Summary: Husband's name appears on wife's credit line statement
PIPEDA Case Summary: Credit reporting agency accused of inappropriately expunging positive credit history
PIPEDA Case Summary: Subscriber objects to magazine's rental of his name and address to marketers
PIPEDA Case Summary: Company uses SIN for identification purposes
PIPEDA Case Summary: Individual claims that bank collected unnecessary information and retained it for too long
PIPEDA Case Summary: Bank released personal information of third parties without their knowledge and consent
PIPEDA Case Summary: Customer opts-out of receiving promotional material but bank continues to send it
PIPEDA Case Summary: Bank employee uses customer's information to commit fraud
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