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Joint letter to the Council of Ministers of Education

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Canada’s federal, provincial and territorial privacy guardians have sent the following letter to the Council of Ministers of Education calling for privacy education to become a greater priority by including it as a clear and concrete component in digital literacy curricula across the country.

November 3, 2017

Council of Ministers of Education, Canada
c/o Honourable Melanie Mark, Chair
95 St. Clair Ave. West, Suite 1106 Toronto, Ontario M4V 1N6

Subject: Privacy education

Dear Madam Chair and members of the Council of Ministers of Education,

As federal, provincial and territorial privacy protection authorities, we are writing to you about an issue critical to young Canadians growing up in an era of unprecedented technological change with profound impacts on privacy.

As such, we are writing to encourage you to make privacy education a greater priority by including it as a clear and concrete component in digital literacy curricula across the country.

It is important that students become savvy digital citizens who are able to enjoy the benefits of being online. Young people need to be equipped with the knowledge necessary to navigate the online world and participate in the digital domain while protecting their privacy.

The risks associated with connecting to the Internet have grown exponentially in recent years. From cyberbullying, sexting and child luring, to tracking, hacking and email scams, the threats can be daunting for many adults, let alone children and teens. At the same time, personal information has become a hot commodity as businesses seek to monetize our data. It has become difficult to discern who is processing our information and for what purposes and everyone, regardless of age, must weigh the benefits and risks of each product and service they use, each time they use it.

A recent survey for the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada found 92 per cent of Canadians are concerned about the protection of their privacy and nearly half feel as though they’ve lost control over how organizations collect and use their personal information.

These findings are alarming and can only be addressed if we help younger generations to develop skills that will allow them to navigate the ever complex digital environment safely and responsibly.

Although many schools across Canada currently teach digital literacy skills, they generally focus on personal safety risks or on acquiring digital skills for the labour market. With the exception of certain one-time initiatives, privacy is not necessarily a part of the courses offered, and many students graduate high school never having learned how to think critically about the information they emit into cyberspace or how to safeguard their digital footprint. This leaves them at unnecessary risk.

As data privacy regulators, we want to draw your attention to this critical issue, which is raising concerns worldwide.

Last fall, participants at the 38th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners adopted the Resolution for the Adoption of an International Competency Framework on Privacy Education. This resolution encourages governments, and especially authorities who are responsible for education and other stakeholders interested in the education sector, to champion the inclusion of privacy education in schools and to advocate for and develop training opportunities for educators in this area. Canadian privacy oversight offices attending the conference signed on to the resolution.

The framework adopted at the conference serves as a roadmap for teachers around the world, outlining nine foundational privacy principles students ought to know and understand. This includes being able to identify what constitutes personal information, being able to understand both the technical and economic aspects of the digital environment, knowing how to limit disclosure of personal information and how to protect oneself online. It states that students should also learn how to exercise their privacy rights and responsibilities as digital citizens.

In order to train young people and give them the tools they need to fully and confidently participate in the digital economy, and in addition to organizing one-time activities (e.g. posters, school tours), Canadian schools must take privacy into account in a more systematic way so that students are sensitized throughout their schooling. We believe part of the solution lies in ensuring digital literacy skills are taught in all schools across Canada, and that privacy education figures clearly within that curricula. Those who learn to protect their privacy, exercise control over their personal information and respect the privacy of others at an early age, will gain tools that will serve them well into adulthood.

In view of the above, federal, provincial and territorial privacy protection authorities strongly urge all those working in the education sector to take steps that will allow future generations of Canadians to develop these digital skills and to succeed in an increasingly data-driven world. To that end, we would welcome the opportunity to meet with appropriate officials from your departments in your respective jurisdictions. Additionally, a delegation representing the signatories below would request to meet with you jointly at an upcoming Council of Ministers of Education meeting.

As privacy advocates keenly interested in ensuring young Canadians grow up with privacy skills and knowledge, we would welcome the opportunity to provide any support you may find helpful.

This is an extremely important issue to our offices and we plan to post this letter on our websites next week as part of our efforts to draw public attention to the importance of privacy education in Canadian schools.


Original signed by

Daniel Therrien
Privacy Commissioner of Canada


Original signed by

Brian Beamish Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario


Original signed by

Me Jean Chartier President, Commission d'accès à l'information du Québec


Original signed by

Catherine Tully Information and Privacy Commissioner for Nova Scotia


Original signed by

Alexandre Deschênes, Q.C.,
Integrity Commissioner for New Brunswick


Original signed by

Charlene Paquin

Manitoba Ombudsman


Original signed by

Drew McArthur Acting Information and Privacy Commissioner for British Columbia


Original signed by

Karen A. Rose Information and Privacy Commissioner of Prince Edward Island


Original signed by

Ronald J. Kruzeniski, QC Saskatchewan Information and Privacy Commissioner


Original signed by

Jill Clayton Information and Privacy Commissioner of Alberta


Original signed by

Donovan Molloy, QC,
Information and Privacy Commissioner of Newfoundland and Labrador


Original signed by

Elaine Keenan-Bengts Information and Privacy Commissioner of the Northwest Territories and of Nunavut


Original signed by

Diane McLeod-McKay Yukon Information and Privacy Commissioner



Resolution for the Adoption of an International Competency Framework on Privacy Education
Personal Data Protection Competency Framework for School Students

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