||This project will analyze the regulatory environment associated with BC’s smart card roll out. By surveying and evaluating emergent ID card technologies in BC and the role ID card vendors play in evolving identity management frameworks, the researcher aims to better assess the impact of these cards on data protection and identity integrity not only in the province, but in Canada generally. The research will attempt to determine which industries, including the payment card industries, are the primary private sector drivers and stakeholders of ID proposals. It will investigate which vendors will be involved in the production of the new card and its associated database, along with the ramifications of monetizing these. This will be complemented by a technical review of these frameworks, including vulnerabilities, in a comparative analysis, as well as a legal review that will ascertain gaps and opportunities in the law.