Contributions Program projects underway

On May 16, 2017, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) announced funding for a new round of independent research and knowledge translation projects supported through its Contributions Program. These projects will be completed by March 31, 2018. The OPC will post summaries of the completed projects, as well as links to their deliverables once projects are finalized and reviewed by the OPC. 

The following is a list of the funded projects currently underway for 2017-18:

Project Title: Privacy Report Card for Children's Smart Toys
Organization:
Concordia University
Project Leader: Mohammad Mannan
Location:
Ontario
Funding Amount:
$ 49,767.00

Project Description: This research project will examine the security and privacy risks associated with smart conversational toys currently sold in Canada. The researchers will conduct a comprehensive and systematic technical analysis to produce a Smart Toys Privacy Report Card. The report card will summarize the research findings, and present recommendations for improving the security and privacy of these toys. Upon completion of the project, the researchers will publish a report and academic paper detailing the full methodology, results, and recommendations.


Project Title: A Privacy Code of Practice for the Connected Car
Organization:
University of Ontario Institute of Technology
Project Leader: Rajen Akalu
Location:
Ontario
Funding Amount:
$ 21,155.00

Project Description: This project aims to develop a privacy code of practice for car companies developing and manufacturing “connected cars”, vehicles capable of gathering information about, and communicating with, their internal systems, other vehicles on the road, and local infrastructure, as well as the car’s driver and occupants. The code of practice could provide an added measure of predictability and consistency for car companies in terms of understanding their obligations around meaningful consent and appropriate limits on data processing, as well as provide greater clarity for individuals about how their data is processed.


Project Title: Data Defenders: Managing Collection of Personal Information Online - A Game for Students in Grades 4-6
Organization: MediaSmarts
Project Leader: Jane Tallim
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $ 49,808.60

Project Description: This project will develop a bilingual interactive game that teaches students in grades 4 to 6 about the concept of personal data and its economic value, the ways in which data is collected online, as well as how to control what information is collected and how it is used. Data Defenders/Défenseurs des données will be compatible across various platforms, including desktop and mobile devices, and will be supported by an accompanying lesson plan and teachers’ and parents’ guides. To encourage its use in schools across Canada, an online tutorial and related resources will support the Personal Data Protection Competency Framework for School Students, developed by international data protection authorities, and existing curriculum in each province and territory.


Project Title: A Privacy Code of Practice for Legal Apps
Organization:
University of Ottawa
Project Leader: Amy Salyzyn
Location:
Ontario
Funding Amount:
$ 40,347.88

Project Description: This project will develop a Privacy Code of Practice for Legal Apps. Through collaboration and consultation with experts and stakeholders, including app developers, privacy and technology experts, civil society organizations and Canadian law societies and bar associations, the researchers will develop detailed policies and practices that encourage compliance with PIPEDA. The proposed Privacy Code of Practice for Legal Apps will assist private app developers in ensuring that they are complying with their privacy obligations, and provide transparency to members of the public on how their privacy rights and interests are protected when using legal apps.


Project Title: The YADD Privacy Project: Improving Privacy for Young Adults with Developmental Disabilities (YADD) through Research and Innovative Knowledge Translation
Organization:
York University
Project Leader: Nazilla Khanlou
Location:
Ontario
Funding Amount:
$ 49,979.00

Project Description: This project aims to improve privacy for young adults with developmental disabilities. The project team will conduct research and develop toolkits that will help guide young Canadians with developmental disabilities and the organizations that provide services to them. The toolkits will be tested during an interactive YADD Privacy Workshop with stakeholders and community partners. Once finalized, the report and toolkits will be published on the project’s website, along with a brief video to support knowledge translation in an accessible manner.


Project Title: Enfants sous écoute : La protection de la vie privée dans l’environnement des jouets intelligents [Children Under Surveillance: Protecting Privacy in a World Full of Smart Toys]
Organization: Option consommateurs
Project Leader: Maryse Guénette
Location:
Québec
Funding Amount:
49,900.00 $

Project Description: This project by Option consommateurs aims to inventory and characterize smart toys available in Canada, explore the law applicable to these Internet-connected items, and analyze the confidentiality policies, user agreements, and informational content of a representative sample of smart toys available to Canadian consumers. Option consommateurs will also carry out a psychologist-directed test of children and hold semi-directed interviews with the parents of the children taking part in the controlled test.


Project Title: Dynamic Transparency: Applying Technologies to Assess Privacy Policies
Organization:
University of Toronto
Project Leader: Lisa Austin
Location:
Ontario
Funding Amount:
$ 49,010.00

Project Description: Traditional, static privacy policies are becoming obsolete in today’s digital world and may not provide sufficient transparency. As part of this research project, current technologies will be applied to assess the transparency of privacy policies by exploring how to transform a static privacy policy into a more dynamic digital form. The project findings will be outlined in a research paper.


Project Title: Balancing the Privacy Right of Research Participants with the Public Interest in Access to Clinical Drug Trials Data
Organization:
University of Toronto
Project Leader: Trudo Lemmens
Location:
Ontario
Funding Amount: 
$ 49,795.00

Project Description: This research project will explore the privacy issues related to access to clinical drug trial data. For this project, the researchers will conduct a literature review of relevant ethical, legal and social issues balancing the privacy of research participants with the broader public interest of promoting transparency in the drug development process. The project will also review existing laws and policies in Canada that apply to the collection, use and disclosure of information and data of research participants in clinical trials and the sharing of that data between stakeholders. The researchers will develop a comparative policy analysis of how the European Medicines Agency has handled the protection of privacy within its own transparency policies, and host a stakeholder workshop to establish key elements of a Canadian data transparency policy.


Project Title: Comprehensive Assessment Oversight Dialog: Canadian Ethical Data Review Boards Project
Organization: Information Accountability Foundation (IAF)
Project Leader: Martin Abrams
Location: Texas, USA
Funding Amount: $33,283.80 (CND)

Project Description: This research project sets out to create a dialog to forge a trustworthy and accessible consensus on oversight models. The objectives of this dialog are to look at three different oversight models (one in Canada, one in Europe and one in the UK), develop a consensus on best solutions for each model, and report findings. As part of this project, the researchers will seek to obtain a detailed understanding of the Ethical Data Review Board model in Canada that might be adopted via laws, implementing rules or industry best practices to enhance trust that data is being used in a legal, fair and just manner. A plenary session will be held with stakeholders to put forward recommendations on the Ethical Data Review Board model, followed by another session to discuss the other two oversight models to look at strengths and weaknesses of each. This project is a complement to the work previously funded under the 2016-17 Contributions Program.


Project Title: Back on the Data Trail: The Evolution of Canada’s Data Broker Industry
Organization:
Samuelson-Glushko Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic (CIPPIC)
Project Leader: David Fewer
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount:
$ 46,000.00

Project Description: How has the Canadian data broker industry evolved over the last 10 years? The researchers will examine the state of the industry’s practices and identify problems in the interpretation and application of PIPEDA that could potentially be resolved through interpretation or amendment of the law. To improve public awareness of the data brokerage industry and how Canadians’ personal information is being collected, shared, and used,   a FAQ, podcast, and report of research findings will be published online. An interactive web page will also be developed to depict how personal information flows into the data broker market to give Canadians a more intuitive way of understanding the nature of the industry, the sources of its data, and the uses of such data.


The following projects were completed March 31, 2017. Project summaries will be posted as they become available.

Project Title: Decision-Making and Privacy: How Youth Make Choices About Reputational and Data Privacy Online
Organization: MediaSmarts
Project Leader: Jane Tallim
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $49,995.00

Project Description: The success of Snapchat, and similar apps that let young people selectively share photos and videos in a way that is less permanent, has shown that youth do make decisions based on privacy concerns. What we don’t yet know is how they make those decisions and how we might encourage them to consider data privacy as well as reputational privacy. This research project looks at the reasoning that youth ages 12 to 16 apply to make decisions relating to certain online representations on their reputation, and the disclosure of their personal information. The research will shed light on the steps that youth take in making their decisions, the outside factors that influence their decisions, and whether demographic factors, such as age and gender, have an impact on their decision making process. The results will be useful for improving public and parent knowledge around privacy, creating educational interventions relating to privacy, and providing guidance to industry about best practices for handling young people's content and data.


Project Title: Big Data Ethics Initiative: Assessment for Canadian Organizations
Organization: Information Accountability Foundation (IAF)
Project Leader: Martin Abrams
Location: Arkansas, USA
Funding Amount: $33,283.80 (CND)

Project Description: Big data processing creates significant accountability challenges for organizations that seek insights from the correlations that exist between diverse data sets, and for the governmental agencies that oversee data protection and privacy. These challenges exist because uses of big data stretch the purposes for which data was first created and produce insights that are new data elements in and of themselves. Big data analytics are conducted at a distance from the individual, and governance concepts, such as consent, are not fully effective as a result. To be trustworthy, big data analytics must be governed, but information policy governance has lagged behind the development of big data. The Big Data Ethics Initiative of the Information Accountability Foundation will fill this governance gap. In particular, the project will build on the IAF’s unique and extensive expertise in this area, by creating for the Canadian context an assessment process to determine whether big data undertakings are legal, fair, and just, and identifying the elements necessary for an assessment framework to fit into a code of conduct or practice that might be enforceable by Canadian governmental regulatory agencies.


Project Title: Understanding, Discovering and Asserting Personal Privacy Preferences: A Feasibility Study
Organization: Ontario College of Art and Design
Project Leader: Jutta Treviranus
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $50,000.00

Project Description: Persons with disabilities, persons who are aging, members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered or questioning (LGBTQ) community, and other minorities are the most vulnerable to the misuse or abuse of personal information. Among the risks are: denial of insurance, jobs or services; fraud, identify theft and cyberbullying. This project proposes to develop a mechanism to empower the consumer to determine and assert personal preferences regarding the use of personal information through the extension of an international standard called AccessForAll (also referred to as ISO 24751). This extension to the international standard will be co-designed with relevant communities most at risk, and presented to the international standards body (ISO JTC1 SC36) for proposed adoption. The project will be an important step in empowering vulnerable populations to take advantage of emerging smart services without the risk of their personal information being abused.


Project Title: E-Learning Courses on Anonymizing Data
Organization: Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) Research Institute
Project Leader: Khaled El Emam
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $50,000.00

Project Description: CHEO Research Institute will create a one-day, e-learning course on anonymizing data for the private sector, in English and French, using as a baseline the Guide to the De-Identification of Personal Health Information (CRC Press, 2013), by Khaled El Emam, as well as updated research and guidelines in this area. The course will be for practitioners looking to apply the best guidelines and strategies in the de-identification of personally identifiable information. It will offer approximately 5.5 hours of lecture material, plus quizzes and supplemental material. CHEO Research Institute will also develop the content for a shorter 1.5-hour course on the legal framework and disclosure risks for personally identifiable information, which is intended to educate custodians of de-identified data. The project will positively impact the protection of privacy rights of a large number of Canadians by creating education materials for the private sector on defensible data anonymization techniques and their privacy obligations.


Project Title: Effects of Informal Online Regulatory Regimes on Privacy
Organization: Brock University
Project Leader: Natasha Tusikov
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $19,521.13

Project Description: The goal of this project is to examine the potential effects on Canadians’ privacy of non-legally binding or “informal” regulatory regimes that are undertaken by globally operating Internet firms and online payment providers. Specifically, the project will explore risks to Canadian’s privacy resulting from the involvement of Internet companies in informal regulatory agreements with intellectual property rights holders. The project’s objectives are to explore the following questions:

  • What information from Canadians do intermediaries share with third parties in relation to these informal agreements?
  • What laws and policies govern sharing by intermediaries of personal information with other corporate actors within these informal agreements, and to what extent are intermediaries compliant?

The primary deliverable of this project will be an in-depth research report, which seeks to answer the above-noted questions.  The research findings flowing from the report will presented at 2017 Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences, as well as other events in Ottawa and Toronto.


Project Title: The Peer Privacy Protectors Project: Innovative Youth-Led Privacy Education
Organization: Canadian Civil Liberties Association (CCLA)
Project Leader: Sukanya Pillay
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $49,682.00

Project Description: Youth are vulnerable to privacy risks, and there is a compelling need for improved communication and education tools designed to help them learn about their privacy rights. This project will seek to address that need, using a connected learning approach to engage teen participants in a series of workshops to enhance their knowledge of privacy risks and rights and to develop a guidebook to educate their peers. The project team will also consult with Canadian educators to investigate their perceptions of the key areas for developing tools for privacy education generally, and to obtain informed feedback on the project’s student-developed materials prior to their wider circulation. The project will ultimately lead to the production of a “by youth, for youth” privacy guidebook centered on the OPC’s four strategic privacy priorities, for distribution through the CCLA education program and website.


Project Title: Between Memory and Forgetting: Consumers and Digital Death
Organization:
Option consommateurs
Project Leader: Maryse Guénette and Alexandre Plourde
Location:
Quebec
Funding Amount:
$48,050.00

Project Description: Canadians are among the heaviest Internet users in the world. However, when browsing the Web, they leave behind a considerable quantity of personal information over the course of their lives. In many cases, when a person dies, this digital legacy stays online indefinitely. How much control do consumers have over their digital identities after their deaths? How can survivors, in practice, fulfill the wishes of the deceased? What should be done when the deceased has not expressed any wishes about his/her personal information? How can we find the appropriate balance between the right to be forgotten and digital memory? Option Consommateurs will examine these issues in its research. It will also explore the laws applicable to the management of online personal information after a consumer’s death, analyze the practices of the largest businesses that provide online services in Canada, and characterize the services offered to consumers in relation to their digital deaths. This will make it possible to draw a complete portrait of the issues associated with digital death from the point of view of Canadian consumers and to make recommendations to stakeholders.


Project Title: Cloud Atlas: A Citizen’s Guide to Online Privacy and Surveillance Using IXmaps
Organization: Open Media
Project Leader: Laura Tribe
Location: British Columbia
Funding Amount: $50,000.00

Project Description: OpenMedia will adapt and showcase the extensive work of IXmaps—a previously funded OPC Contributions Program initiative—which maps Internet routing through international jurisdictions by Canadian telecommunications companies, and the profound privacy implications of these practices. A key goal of this project is to generate increased awareness among Canadians on how their Internet use is being tracked by surveillance systems at home and abroad, and the increased role of private sector entities in providing customer data to governments. The project will create a compendium of tools and resources for citizens about what they need to be aware of and how to protect their online privacy. The project will educate Canadians on the privacy implications of Internet routing, and thus shed light on issues related to the legal, social and ethical challenges of privacy online. In the course of this project the user community for IXmaps will be expanded, and as a result its database of traceroutes will also expand, providing a more comprehensive and accurate Canadian “Internet Atlas” that can serve as a resource for privacy researchers and policy specialists.


Project Title: “Protect your Privacy—Online!” Educational Program
Organization: Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) Canada
Project Leader: Marcos Gomez
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $48,817.50

Project Description: Vulnerable Canadians are more likely to lack the technical “know-how” to effectively protect their privacy and manage their reputation in the digital world. As a result, this demographic may be at greater risk of compromising their online privacy security. ACORN Canada’s “Protect Your Privacy—Online!” project aims to address this gap in privacy security education by educating vulnerable Canadians on PIPEDA, and the Office of the Privacy Commissioner’s strategic privacy priorities of Economics of personal information, Government surveillance, Reputation and privacy, and The body as information. Drawing extensively from previous OPC-funded projects and the Office’s online resources, this educational program will develop accessible language workshops and an informational booklet targeted at vulnerable Canadians. Three in-class privacy workshops will be developed and delivered, and 8,000 informational handbooks will be distributed to vulnerable Canadians in British Columbia, Ontario and Nova Scotia. ACORN Canada’s “Protect Your Privacy—Online!” project will enhance vulnerable Canadians’ online privacy knowledge, providing participants with the necessary tools to confidently participate in the digital world.


Project Title: Left to their own Devices: Privacy Implications of Wearable Technology in Canadian Workplaces
Organization: Queen’s University, Surveillance Studies Centre
Project Leader: David Lyon and David Murakami Wood
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $49,998.00

Project Description: Wearable technologies are rapidly entering Canadian commercial and domestic spheres. Representing the latest iteration of ubiquitous computing and the Internet of Things, wearable technologies refer to a class of devices that incorporate electronics, software, and sensors on and around the body. A surprising variety of wearable technology products and applications exist and continue to be developed for use in workplaces. Some of the emerging trends fueling the adoption of wearable technologies in the workplace include ergonomic sensors for occupational health and safety, biometric sensors for professional athletes, augmented reality headsets for shipping and receiving, and smart ID badges for personnel tracking and remote monitoring. Very little is known, however, about the variety of uses for these technologies, their prospects and the extent to which they fall under existing privacy regimes. This project seeks to address that deficit by highlighting the perspective of data consumers in workplace settings. By gathering more information about what can be sourced from wearable devices and the practices associated with their use and analysis in Canadian workplaces, the project’s aim is to raise awareness about potential privacy issues related to wearables, and thereby improve Canadians’ ability to better exercise meaningful consent and control of their personal information. The main output of the study will be a report on the project findings, including an inventory and assessment of wearable technology in Canada.


Project Title: Decision-Making and Privacy: How Youth Make Choices About Reputational and Data Privacy Online
Organization: MediaSmarts
Project Leader: Jane Tallim
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $49,995.00

Project Description: The success of Snapchat, and similar apps that let young people selectively share photos and videos in a way that is less permanent, has shown that youth do make decisions based on privacy concerns. What we don’t yet know is how they make those decisions and how we might encourage them to consider data privacy as well as reputational privacy. This research project looks at the reasoning that youth ages 12 to 16 apply to make decisions relating to certain online representations on their reputation, and the disclosure of their personal information. The research will shed light on the steps that youth take in making their decisions, the outside factors that influence their decisions, and whether demographic factors, such as age and gender, have an impact on their decision making process. The results will be useful for improving public and parent knowledge around privacy, creating educational interventions relating to privacy, and providing guidance to industry about best practices for handling young people's content and data.


Project Title: Big Data Ethics Initiative: Assessment for Canadian Organizations
Organization: Information Accountability Foundation (IAF)
Project Leader: Martin Abrams
Location: Arkansas, USA
Funding Amount: $33,283.80 (CND)

Project Description: Big data processing creates significant accountability challenges for organizations that seek insights from the correlations that exist between diverse data sets, and for the governmental agencies that oversee data protection and privacy. These challenges exist because uses of big data stretch the purposes for which data was first created and produce insights that are new data elements in and of themselves. Big data analytics are conducted at a distance from the individual, and governance concepts, such as consent, are not fully effective as a result. To be trustworthy, big data analytics must be governed, but information policy governance has lagged behind the development of big data. The Big Data Ethics Initiative of the Information Accountability Foundation will fill this governance gap. In particular, the project will build on the IAF’s unique and extensive expertise in this area, by creating for the Canadian context an assessment process to determine whether big data undertakings are legal, fair, and just, and identifying the elements necessary for an assessment framework to fit into a code of conduct or practice that might be enforceable by Canadian governmental regulatory agencies.


Project Title: Understanding, Discovering and Asserting Personal Privacy Preferences: A Feasibility Study
Organization: Ontario College of Art and Design
Project Leader: Jutta Treviranus
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $50,000.00

Project Description: Persons with disabilities, persons who are aging, members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered or questioning (LGBTQ) community, and other minorities are the most vulnerable to the misuse or abuse of personal information. Among the risks are: denial of insurance, jobs or services; fraud, identify theft and cyberbullying. This project proposes to develop a mechanism to empower the consumer to determine and assert personal preferences regarding the use of personal information through the extension of an international standard called AccessForAll (also referred to as ISO 24751). This extension to the international standard will be co-designed with relevant communities most at risk, and presented to the international standards body (ISO JTC1 SC36) for proposed adoption. The project will be an important step in empowering vulnerable populations to take advantage of emerging smart services without the risk of their personal information being abused.


Project Title: E-Learning Courses on Anonymizing Data
Organization: Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) Research Institute
Project Leader: Khaled El Emam
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $50,000.00

Project Description: CHEO Research Institute will create a one-day, e-learning course on anonymizing data for the private sector, in English and French, using as a baseline the Guide to the De-Identification of Personal Health Information (CRC Press, 2013), by Khaled El Emam, as well as updated research and guidelines in this area. The course will be for practitioners looking to apply the best guidelines and strategies in the de-identification of personally identifiable information. It will offer approximately 5.5 hours of lecture material, plus quizzes and supplemental material. CHEO Research Institute will also develop the content for a shorter 1.5-hour course on the legal framework and disclosure risks for personally identifiable information, which is intended to educate custodians of de-identified data. The project will positively impact the protection of privacy rights of a large number of Canadians by creating education materials for the private sector on defensible data anonymization techniques and their privacy obligations.


Project Title: Effects of Informal Online Regulatory Regimes on Privacy
Organization: Brock University
Project Leader: Natasha Tusikov
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $19,521.13

Project Description: The goal of this project is to examine the potential effects on Canadians’ privacy of non-legally binding or “informal” regulatory regimes that are undertaken by globally operating Internet firms and online payment providers. Specifically, the project will explore risks to Canadian’s privacy resulting from the involvement of Internet companies in informal regulatory agreements with intellectual property rights holders. The project’s objectives are to explore the following questions:

  • What information from Canadians do intermediaries share with third parties in relation to these informal agreements?
  • What laws and policies govern sharing by intermediaries of personal information with other corporate actors within these informal agreements, and to what extent are intermediaries compliant?

The primary deliverable of this project will be an in-depth research report, which seeks to answer the above-noted questions.  The research findings flowing from the report will presented at 2017 Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences, as well as other events in Ottawa and Toronto.


Project Title: The Peer Privacy Protectors Project: Innovative Youth-Led Privacy Education
Organization: Canadian Civil Liberties Association (CCLA)
Project Leader: Sukanya Pillay
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $49,682.00

Project Description: Youth are vulnerable to privacy risks, and there is a compelling need for improved communication and education tools designed to help them learn about their privacy rights. This project will seek to address that need, using a connected learning approach to engage teen participants in a series of workshops to enhance their knowledge of privacy risks and rights and to develop a guidebook to educate their peers. The project team will also consult with Canadian educators to investigate their perceptions of the key areas for developing tools for privacy education generally, and to obtain informed feedback on the project’s student-developed materials prior to their wider circulation. The project will ultimately lead to the production of a “by youth, for youth” privacy guidebook centered on the OPC’s four strategic privacy priorities, for distribution through the CCLA education program and website.


Project Title: Between Memory and Forgetting: Consumers and Digital Death
Organization:
Option consommateurs
Project Leader: Maryse Guénette and Alexandre Plourde
Location:
Quebec
Funding Amount:
$48,050.00

Project Description: Canadians are among the heaviest Internet users in the world. However, when browsing the Web, they leave behind a considerable quantity of personal information over the course of their lives. In many cases, when a person dies, this digital legacy stays online indefinitely. How much control do consumers have over their digital identities after their deaths? How can survivors, in practice, fulfill the wishes of the deceased? What should be done when the deceased has not expressed any wishes about his/her personal information? How can we find the appropriate balance between the right to be forgotten and digital memory? Option Consommateurs will examine these issues in its research. It will also explore the laws applicable to the management of online personal information after a consumer’s death, analyze the practices of the largest businesses that provide online services in Canada, and characterize the services offered to consumers in relation to their digital deaths. This will make it possible to draw a complete portrait of the issues associated with digital death from the point of view of Canadian consumers and to make recommendations to stakeholders.


Project Title: Cloud Atlas: A Citizen’s Guide to Online Privacy and Surveillance Using IXmaps
Organization: Open Media
Project Leader: Laura Tribe
Location: British Columbia
Funding Amount: $50,000.00

Project Description: OpenMedia will adapt and showcase the extensive work of IXmaps—a previously funded OPC Contributions Program initiative—which maps Internet routing through international jurisdictions by Canadian telecommunications companies, and the profound privacy implications of these practices. A key goal of this project is to generate increased awareness among Canadians on how their Internet use is being tracked by surveillance systems at home and abroad, and the increased role of private sector entities in providing customer data to governments. The project will create a compendium of tools and resources for citizens about what they need to be aware of and how to protect their online privacy. The project will educate Canadians on the privacy implications of Internet routing, and thus shed light on issues related to the legal, social and ethical challenges of privacy online. In the course of this project the user community for IXmaps will be expanded, and as a result its database of traceroutes will also expand, providing a more comprehensive and accurate Canadian “Internet Atlas” that can serve as a resource for privacy researchers and policy specialists.


Project Title: “Protect your Privacy—Online!” Educational Program
Organization: Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) Canada
Project Leader: Marcos Gomez
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $48,817.50

Project Description: Vulnerable Canadians are more likely to lack the technical “know-how” to effectively protect their privacy and manage their reputation in the digital world. As a result, this demographic may be at greater risk of compromising their online privacy security. ACORN Canada’s “Protect Your Privacy—Online!” project aims to address this gap in privacy security education by educating vulnerable Canadians on PIPEDA, and the Office of the Privacy Commissioner’s strategic privacy priorities of Economics of personal information, Government surveillance, Reputation and privacy, and The body as information. Drawing extensively from previous OPC-funded projects and the Office’s online resources, this educational program will develop accessible language workshops and an informational booklet targeted at vulnerable Canadians. Three in-class privacy workshops will be developed and delivered, and 8,000 informational handbooks will be distributed to vulnerable Canadians in British Columbia, Ontario and Nova Scotia. ACORN Canada’s “Protect Your Privacy—Online!” project will enhance vulnerable Canadians’ online privacy knowledge, providing participants with the necessary tools to confidently participate in the digital world.


Project Title: Left to their own Devices: Privacy Implications of Wearable Technology in Canadian Workplaces
Organization: Queen’s University, Surveillance Studies Centre
Project Leader: David Lyon and David Murakami Wood
Location: Ontario
Funding Amount: $49,998.00

Project Description: Wearable technologies are rapidly entering Canadian commercial and domestic spheres. Representing the latest iteration of ubiquitous computing and the Internet of Things, wearable technologies refer to a class of devices that incorporate electronics, software, and sensors on and around the body. A surprising variety of wearable technology products and applications exist and continue to be developed for use in workplaces. Some of the emerging trends fueling the adoption of wearable technologies in the workplace include ergonomic sensors for occupational health and safety, biometric sensors for professional athletes, augmented reality headsets for shipping and receiving, and smart ID badges for personnel tracking and remote monitoring. Very little is known, however, about the variety of uses for these technologies, their prospects and the extent to which they fall under existing privacy regimes. This project seeks to address that deficit by highlighting the perspective of data consumers in workplace settings. By gathering more information about what can be sourced from wearable devices and the practices associated with their use and analysis in Canadian workplaces, the project’s aim is to raise awareness about potential privacy issues related to wearables, and thereby improve Canadians’ ability to better exercise meaningful consent and control of their personal information. The main output of the study will be a report on the project findings, including an inventory and assessment of wearable technology in Canada.

 

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