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Online privacy

Websites, e-mail, social networking and discussion groups are a great way to keep in touch, share ideas, buy and sell things, and conduct business.

But it’s important to remember that even with the toughest privacy settings, your online activities are never entirely private. Your clicks and website visits leave data trails, leaving a  “digital footprint”  that reveals a lot about who you are, what you do, and what you like and dislike. Individuals and organizations can then use this information—in ways that you may or may not like.

You may also be interested in information on our Digital devices topic page.

We also have a number of resources about online privacy designed for kids, which can be found in our Privacy education for kids section.

Privacy and kids

Find links to information, guidance, research and education resources related to kids and privacy.

Protecting your privacy online

Read answers to frequently asked questions about protecting privacy while online.

Tips for creating and managing your passwords

Learn how to create strong passwords and manage them safely.

Tips for using privacy settings

Find advice for individuals on how to set and adjust privacy settings.

Top 10 tips to protect your inbox, computer and mobile device

Learn how to protect your personal information and digital tools from threats related to spam.

Internet threats associated with spam

General information on internet threats including spam and how you can protect yourself.

Your Privacy and Mobile Apps

Find tips for protecting your personal information when downloading and using mobile apps.

Prevent identity theft online

Read tips for individuals on how to reduce the risks of identity theft when online.

Recognizing Threats to Personal Data Online

Learn about four common ways personal information gets hijacked online, and what you can do to protect it.

Gaming and personal information: playing with privacy

Get information and advice on how to protect your personal information while playing online.

Behavioural/targeted advertising

Find information about behavioural advertising for individuals and businesses.


Find information about cookies, the privacy challenges they present and what individuals can do about them.

Social networking

Find information for individuals and businesses about privacy and social networking.

Captured on Camera Street-level imaging technology, the Internet and you

Find information for individuals about privacy issues related to street-level imaging.

Cloud computing

Learn about privacy issues related to cloud computing and find guidance for businesses considering the use of cloud computing services.


Learn how to prevent it, protect yourself against it, and report it.

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