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Spam is unsolicited emails that generally advertise or market a service or product. To some people, spam messages are simply a nuisance cluttering up their inboxes, but, spam messages can actually pose a real threat to your privacy. They often include links and attachments that spread spyware and other types of malware, which can compromise your computer and mobile devices, and collect your personal information without your knowledge.

Understanding and knowing how to recognize spam and other electronic threats can help protect your personal information.

Canada’s anti-spam legislation (CASL), which came into force in 2014, helps to protect Canadians while ensuring that businesses can continue to compete in the global marketplace. Canadians can report spam and help the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) along with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) and Competition Bureau   gather intelligence to support the enforcement of CASL.

The OPC has developed a number of resources to help individuals protect themselves from spam.

Protecting Yourself from Spam

Find some tips for identifying and protecting yourself from spam.

Top 10 tips to protect your inbox, computer and mobile device

Learn how to protect your personal information and digital tools from threats related to spam.

Internet threats associated with spam

General information on internet threats including spam and how you can protect yourself.

Recognizing Threats to Personal Data Online

Learn about four common ways personal information gets hijacked online, and what you can do to protect it.

Canada's anti-spam legislation

Find information on Canada’s anti-spam legislation, the OPC’s enforcement role, as well as information and guidance to help businesses meet their privacy obligations in relation to CASL.

CASL compliance help for businesses

Find information to help organizations ensure they comply with PIPEDA when collecting and using electronic addresses for e-marketing.

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