PIPEDA legislation and related regulations

About this legislation

The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) is the federal privacy law for private-sector organizations. It sets out the ground rules for how businesses must handle personal information in the course of their commercial activity.

For more information about the application of PIPEDA, please read our PIPEDA in brief page.

Schedule 1 of PIPEDA contains 10 fair information principles. These principles are referred to throughout the Act.

Administration

Privacy Commissioner of Canada — The Office oversees compliance with PIPEDA. Canadians may complain to the Commissioner about any matter specified in section 11 of PIPEDA. The Commissioner may also personally initiate a complaint.

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED) - The Minister of ISED is responsible for PIPEDA. The minister recommends to the Governor in Council the adoption of Orders in Council under the Act and tables Government bills in Parliament to amend the Act.

Related acts and legislation

Several provincial laws have been deemed substantially similar to the PIPEDA. Under paragraph 26(2)(b), the Governor in Council can exempt an organization or class of organizations, an activity or a class of activities from PIPEDA if the collection, use or disclosure of personal information occurs within a province that has legislation that has been deemed substantially similar to the PIPEDA. This means that wherever the substantially similar provincial law applies, that law applies instead of PIPEDA.

Related topics

Read the legislation

An Act to support and promote electronic commerce by protecting personal information that is collected, used or disclosed in certain circumstances, by providing for the use of electronic means to communicate or record information or transactions and by amending the Canada Evidence Act, the Statutory Instruments Act and the Statute Revision Act.

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada enacts as follows:

Regulations and orders under this Act
Legislative change and review

Under section 29 of PIPEDA, the Act must be reviewed by the committee of the House of Commons or by both houses of Parliament every five years. The introduction of, or changes to, related legislation can also result in amendments to PIPEDA.

OPC recommendations and consultations

As part of its mandate, the OPC holds consultations, conducts reviews and makes recommendations relating to PIPEDA. These actions help ensure that PIPEDA remains relevant and effective.

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